No Canadian content requirement; the German firm will build the trains at its North American headquarters in California.
Manufacturers favour giving car owners rebates to buy new vehicles over hardware upgrades to millions of diesel models.
Berlin has struggled to come to terms with Trump’s willingness to cast aside international agreements signed by his predecessors.
VW CEO says “growing protectionism also poses major challenges for the globally integrated automotive industry.”
The German automaker has formed a JV with Chinese SUV maker Great Wall Motor.
Rupert Stadler is being investigated on suspicion of fraud and indirect improprieties with documents.
Automaker ordered to recall over 6,000 Mercedes-Benz Vito delivery vans last week for emissions violations.
Governments scramble to save billions of dollars in trade after US re-imposes sanctions.
Issue is of particular concern for an economy that runs on exports of automobiles and machinery.
Further strikes are planned at BMW, Audi, Daimler and Porsche.
Coal power is responsible for more than 40% of global carbon dioxide emissions.
Prices are rising, making imports from sources in Europe and more attractive.
Drop follows a 1.2% rise in May.
Company said it has neither sought nor received assurances it would not be hit with border taxes when it ships parts to Britain.
Newsmagazine report claims the automakers have colluded for years over diesel technology.