US Senate blocks forced Keystone approval
Obama again under fire after Republican senators fall four votes short of removing Keystone approval from the White House.
WASHINGTON: TransCanada’s Keystone XL pipeline has been denied a lifeline thrown to it by congressional Republicans after the US Senate narrowly rejected their attempts to bypass the White House and force the immediate approval of the controversial project.
A total of 56 senators voted Thursday in favour of the measure inserted into a bigger highway bill, four short of the 60 needed for approval. Eleven Democrats were among those who wanted the pipeline to move forward as quickly as possible.
Republican support of the proposal was unanimous, but some Democrats were said to have wavered in their opposition after former president Bill Clinton threw his support behind the $7.6 billion pipeline in remarks to an energy conference last week.
His wife, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, will ultimately decide the fate of the project since it crosses an international border.
President Barack Obama, however, personally contacted some Democratic lawmakers and urged them to vote no. He argued State Department officials had to be allowed the time to do a thorough environmental review of the pipeline.
John Boehner, majority leader of the House of Representatives, lambasted Obama for contacting fellow Democrats.
“By personally lobbying against the Keystone pipeline, it means the president of the United States is lobbying for sending North American energy to China and lobbying against American jobs,” he said.
Mitch McConnell, Senate minority leader, called the president “out of touch.”
“At a moment when millions are out of work, gas prices are skyrocketing, and the Middle East is in turmoil, we’ve got a president who’s up making phone calls trying to block a pipeline here at home,” he said. “It’s unbelievable.”
Keystone XL would carry millions of barrels of Alberta oil sands crude every week from the northern reaches of the province through six US prairie states to Texas refineries.
Proponents of the pipeline argue it will create jobs and help end American dependence on oil from hostile regimes, while US environmental groups have come together to mount major opposition to the project, calling it a disaster waiting to happen and one that encourages production of what they call Canada’s “dirty oil.”
In November, under mounting pressure from environmentalists, the State Department punted making a decision on Keystone until after this year’s presidential election, citing concerns about the risks posed by the pipeline’s proposed route to a crucial aquifer in Nebraska.
Pipeline proponents cried foul, saying it was a cynical political move aimed at improving Obama’s chances of re-election.
Republicans then held the administration’s feet to the fire, successfully inserting pipeline provisions into payroll tax cut legislation in late December.
Within a month, facing a mid-February deadline imposed that measure, Obama rejected TransCanada’s existing permit outright, saying there wasn’t enough time to thoroughly review a new route before giving it the green light.
But Obama also assured Prime Minister Stephen Harper the decision was not a reflection of the pipeline’s merits, but was merely necessitated by Republican pressure tactics. He welcomed TransCanada to propose another route; the company says it will do so soon.
In recent weeks, it appeared the Obama administration’s attitude was further softening on Keystone XL after the president praised TransCanada’s decision to proceed with constructing the pipeline from Cushing, Okla., to Port Arthur, Tex.
On the campaign trail this week, Republican presidential front-runner Mitt Romney has called the decision a “no-brainer,” once again echoing the language once used by Harper to describe the project.
“How in the world can you have a president who doesn’t understand the importance of getting energy from our next-door neighbour?” he said.
His campaign, meantime, assailed the president’s calls to senators on Thursday.
“President Obama will have plenty of time to lobby Congress on behalf of radical environmentalists when he leaves office next year,” read an email from a Romney campaign aide.
“If the president actually thinks that construction of the Keystone XL pipeline is not in the national interest, he should explain his position publicly instead of saying one thing to the American people and another in the backrooms on Capitol Hill.”
The chief sponsor of the measure, Sen. John Hoeven of North Dakota, told reporters he’s not giving up the fight to force approval of Keystone XL.
“All along we’ve said the highway bill was just one option. This is a project that got majority support in the Senate. We are making progress,” Hoeven said. “We will see what else comes up, and I’m not even sure that we’re done with the highway bill.”