BC university creates institute to take microscope view of pandemic

Director says the event has the power to cause structures to fall like dominos or shift radically to new paths.

April 28, 2020   by Dirk Meissner

VICTORIA — The COVID-19 pandemic has placed the world at a tipping point that’s challenging social, political, economic and environmental structures, says the director of a new academic research institute at British Columbia’s Royal Roads University.

Dr. Thomas Homer-Dixon said the pandemic is an event with the power to cause those structures to fall like dominos or shift radically to new paths.

“I don’t think people for the most part have recognized the reality of this factor of the possibility of tipping events,” he said. “But now we’ve all experienced it together over the recent weeks and have much more familiarity with what it means.”

Canadian-born Homer-Dixon, an author who researches threats to global security and has previously taught at the universities of Toronto and Waterloo, was introduced as the director of the newly created Cascade Institute at the university.


Homer-Dixon cited the rise of a “soft authoritarian regime” in Hungary and recent social distancing protests in the US as examples of fast-moving social and political reactions connected to the pandemic.

The collapse of the cod fishery in Eastern Canada in the early 1990s and the stock market crash in 2008 are examples of earlier tipping events that changed society’s structures in Canada and globally, said Homer-Dixon.

“I think this has been a rude lesson for people around the world in just how fragile our circumstances are and the stability and everyday patterns of our lives,” he said at a news conference. “I think it’s a wake-up call because the expectation would be if we continue down this pathway with these converging stresses that we will be seeing more and more serious shocks.”

University president Philip Steenkamp said the institute will bring together research leaders to address challenging and connected issues facing the world, which include the pandemic, climate change and economic inequality.

He said the university has plans to operate the institute for a decade, which will challenge researchers to study, develop and propose solutions to society at large as opposed to focus primarily on academic pursuits.


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