US imposing duties on Canadian glossy paper products
Department of Commerce claims US industry damaged by subsidized Canadian imports.
Pulp & Paper
US Department of Commerce
HALIFAX — A series of costly duties will be levied against Canadian mills that produce glossy paper following a vote Nov. 18 that affirmed trade action by the US International Trade Commission.
The trade body says the vote was part of the final phase of a countervailing duty investigation into Canadian imports of supercalendered paper, which is mainly used for magazines, catalogues, corporate brochures and advertising inserts.
Exports of supercalendered paper from Canada to the United States were valued at $959 million last year, the Canadian government said.
The US commission issued a statement saying the duties will be imposed because the US paper industry has been injured by unfairly subsidized imports from Canada.
“As a result of the (commission’s) determinations, the Department of Commerce will issue a countervailing duty order on imports of this product from Canada,” the statement said.
Under a decision released last month, the US Department of Commerce said it would impose duties ranging from 17.87% to 20.18% against Canadian mills.
The US ruling affects Nova Scotia’s Port Hawkesbury Paper, which has been hit with a 20.18% cent duty. As well, Montreal-based Resolute Forest Products will have to pay a duty of 17.87%. Other Canadian supercalendered mills, such as the J.D. Irving mill in New Brunswick and Catalyst Paper of BC, face a duty of 18.85%.
Canada’s international trade minister Chrystia Freeland, issued a statement saying an appeal under the North American Free Trade Agreement will determine if the countervailing duties are being applied in accordance with US laws.
“Canada believes that the US Department of Commerce erred in calculating subsidy rates on Canadian exports of supercalendered paper,” the minister said. “Canada is exercising its rights under NAFTA Chapter 19 and requesting a panel review in order to defend the Canadian industry.”
The US trade action is the result of a petition filed by two American producers of supercalendered paper.
The latest decision was greeted with disappointment in Nova Scotia, where the minister responsible for trade called the duties “unfair.”
Michel Samson said the issue for the Cape Breton mill centres around power rates set by the province’s regulator. The mill is getting electricity at a reduced rate, however Samson said US officials don’t understand the role of the Utility and Review Board, which is an arms-length organization independent of government.
The Nova Scotia government has said the cheaper power rates from Nova Scotia Power, a privately owned utility, don’t constitute a subsidy because, under US rules, subsidies must come from government entities.
“There continues to be a misunderstanding,” Samson said. “We will be joining Port Hawkesbury Paper and the government of Canada in launching a NAFTA appeal process of this decision.”
Samson said the province had so far spent $2.3 million fighting the ruling and he expects that figure to climb as a result of the NAFTA appeal.
“There will be future costs, yes, and the frustration with the NAFTA process is that it could take up to two or three years,” he said.
Port Hawkesbury Paper issued a statement saying NAFTA appeals were also filed by the Canadian government on behalf of the provinces of British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec.
“While we are disappointed by the ITC’s decision, we are keen to have the opportunity for our case to be heard by an impartial NAFTA panel of five Canadian and US international trade legal experts,” the company said, adding that it has filed a notice to start appeals at the US Court of International Trade and is considering an appeal through the World Trade Organization.
“We are early in a long process, and based on the advice of our team of experienced trade legal counsel, we are very confident in our ability to reduce these duties substantially, or eliminate them entirely.”
Until the appeals are concluded, all duty payments will be will be held in trust, the company said.
© 2015 The Canadian Press