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Standards for carbon capture and storage in development


June 17, 2010
by PLANT STAFF

MISSISSAUGA, Ont.: CSA Standards and IPAC-CO2 Research Inc. are developing Canada’s first carbon capture and storage (CCS) standard for the geologic storage of industrial emissions.

The two organizations said the CCS standard will be developed by leading North American experts. When it’s completed, the standard will be submitted to the Standards Council of Canada for recognition, making it the world’s first formally recognized CCS standard as a basis for the promotion of international standards through the International Organization for Standardization.

“This new standard means that Canada can be a world leader in carbon capture and storage, and we hope that the world will embrace our approach,” said Bonnie Rose, president of CSA Standards, www.csa.ca, a standards organization based in Mississauga, Ont.

The CCS standard will provide essential guidelines for regulators, industry and others involved with scientific and commercial CCS projects.

Coal, natural gas and oil will remain the world’s dominant sources of energy over the next several decades continuously adding to global greenhouse gas emissions. On a global scale, approximately 31 billion tons of CO2 are emitted per year into the atmosphere.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has urged a quick and global push to develop and deploy CCS technologies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

“This is one small but very important step for us to gain public and regulator confidence in the geologic storage of CO2 as a sustainable energy and environmental option,” said Carmen Dybwad, chief executive officer of IPAC-CO2 Research Inc., the International Performance Assessment Centre for Geologic Storage of Carbon Dioxide, an environmental non-government organization.

CCS is a process consisting of the separation of CO2 from industrial and energy-related sources, transport to a storage location and long-term isolation from the atmosphere.

Scientists estimate carbon capture units can be used to reduce emissions from industrial plants by 85% to 95 per cent. CCS can also be used commercially to assist in oil recovery projects. The new standard will focus primarily on the long-term geologic storage of CO2 deep underground.
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